The British Imperialism in India

British imperialism was developed as a result of the seven years war that pitted colonial empires against each other. Most countries in Europe were envious of India. This was due to the fact that India was endowed with vast resources. The French, Portuguese and the Dutch all wanted a share of these resources. The British government was put into pressure to take control of India by most corporations in Britain. This was a calculated move to secure the Indian resources.

India and British were involved in barter trade over a long period of time. The British government would provide gold and silver in exchange for textiles silk tea and cotton. This made the British company to become more entrenched in the Indian economy. They gained more power which led them to making a decision of creating an army of British officers. This move was relatively easy for the British government because at the time the nation was too divided. The sense of nationalism was not strong enough.

The large number of Indian population provided a ready market for British goods. This resulted in the much needed balance of trade. This also earned the British government a lot of money through taxation. As a result of this success, the British government wanted to transform India to be a model colony.

This imperialism rule had both positive and negative impacts on India as a nation. There was the loss of the Indian culture and the ultimate destruction of the social order. The large social effect that was experienced was due to the fact that the imperialism lasted for 190 years. The traditional industries were crippled and the Indians were not given important government positions.

On the positive side, the imperialism boosted the Indian economy. This was due to the influx of resources from the British colonies. They brought technological advancement and development the communication infrastructure such as roads and railways.

India had 15 major languages which hindered the different ethnic and cultural groups from identifying with each other. In the 1930s the British government embarked on a mission to educate the Indian on the western fashion with the English language being used for communication. This was a move to strengthen Britain grip on India by ensuring that the population was able to communicate in English. This Indian however resented this move by the British government.

The common language unified the Indian people. The educated Indians facilitated the communication of nationalist ideas through to the population. This ultimately led to the Indian nationalism which in the end led to the loss of British control in India.

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